Hong Kong was Handed Over to China on a 99 Year Lease

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Worldwide objection to the imposition of the National Security Act by China in Hong Kong has created uproar. Many countries including India, Britain, America, Europe are concerned over Chinese way of handing the matter.
Rajiv Chander, Ambassador of India and Permanent Representative to the United Nations, said at the United Nations, “Hong Kong is home to a large number of expatriate Indians who consider Hong Kong their home.” In the interest of the Indian community, we are keeping a close watch on the recent developments. In recent times, many worrying information has come up on this issue.

According to a report published, there are more than 38 thousand Indians live in Hong Kong. Macau city has large population of Indian community. Violent protests have erupted in Hong Kong due the enforcement of disputed National National Security Act by Chinese Government. The Chinese police have arrested over 300 protesters.

America, Europe, Britain and Many Others Came Out in Protest

The entire world is protesting in Hong Kong over China’s new security law. The US said that it will not sit quietly and will not allow China to take away Hong Kong’s independence by imposing arbitrary law. Meanwhile, China has told foreign critics that this is their internal matter, and no one else should interfere in it.

The United State said, “The Communist Party of China has imposed an arbitrary and harsh national security law on Hong Kong. This would end Hong Kong’s autonomy and independence. This will also destroy China’s achievement.”

Was handed over to China on a 99-year lease

Actually, Hong Kong is quite different from other Chinese cities. Hong Kong was handed over to China on a 99-year lease after 150 years of British colonial rule. The island of Hong Kong remained under British control since 1842. Whereas in World War II, Japan had control over it. It became a busy trading port and after becoming a manufacturing hub in 1950, there was a big boom in its economy. People fleeing from instability, poverty or persecution in China turned to this region.

The deal was signed in 1984

As the 99-year lease expired near the beginning of the eighth decade of the last century, Britain and China began negotiating the future of Hong Kong. The Communist government of China argued that Hong Kong should be returned to Chinese rule. The two sides signed a deal in 1984 that Hong Kong be handed over to China in 1997 under the principle of a one-country, two-system. This meant that even after being part of China, Hong Kong would enjoy autonomy leaving foreign and defense affairs for 50 years.

Root of controversy

When Hong Kong was handed over to China in 1997, Beijing guaranteed the people’s freedom and maintain their legal system until at least 2047 under the concept of one country, two systems. But after the 79-day Umbrella Movement in Hong Kong in 2014, the Chinese government began to take action against those who supported democracy. Those involved in the protests were jailed. A party supporting independence was banned.

Occupation of Beijing

Hong Kong has its own laws and limitations. It also has its own assembly. But the leader in Hong Kong elects the Chief Executive Officer on a 1,200-member election committee. The committee consists mostly of pro-Beijing members. All 70 members of the region’s legislative body, the Legislative Council, are not directly elected by Hong Kong voters. Pro-Beijing MPs remain in the un-elected seats.

Hate Chinese identity

Most people in Hong Kong are of Chinese race. Despite being part of China, most people in Hong Kong do not want to be identified as Chinese. Especially the youth. Only 11 percent call themselves Chinese. While 71 percent people say that they do not feel proud to be Chinese citizens. This is the reason why slogans of independence are being raised everyday in Hong Kong and protesters have plagued the China-backed administration.

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